Saturday, May 16, 2020

Human Trafficking Is U.S - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 712 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/05/07 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Human Trafficking Essay Did you like this example? The everyday person at all levels in society can help in the fight against sex and labor exploitation. First starting out with the government, laws can have a major impact on exploitation. Currently in the U.S. the biggest policy that affects human trafficking is U.S Code 18 which directly states Whoever commits an offense against the United States or aids, abets, counsels, commands, induces or procures its commission, is punishable as a principal. (Rosenstein, 2018) Which is the law that gives penalty for sex trafficking specially focusing on children. Outside of the law and examining organizations within the U.S. government the FBI leads major efforts against the fight. They do this by linking with other organizations. One specific organization is Project Safe Child which was created by the Department of Justice in 2006. (Rosenstein, 2018) There goal is to prevent childhood pornography because there seems to be a large link between child pornography and sex trafficking.(Ros enstein, 2018) This group goes into the community and advocates from there to spread awareness on the topic so that it can be broken down from a base level. This organization is one that anybody can help with and join therefore it makes the everyday person active in the fight. Everyday medical professionals can also help with the fight because as previously stated in the health section 28% of trafficked women did see a health care professional while in captivity. (Deshpande, 2017) So if a medical professional was taught to look for certain signs both physical and physiological. That could have a great impact and potentially save lives because they are some people who may encounter a victim of sex and labor trafficking on the daily and may never know. This alone could lower the rate drastically in the fight against exploitation. The next everyday person that could potentially have a major impact on helping society are business owners. Labor and exploitation victims often come into new countries looking for work. Although some companies do in debt research about their employees before they are hired some do not. Some business owners look for cheaper labor and often brush past important facts such as the person not being a citizen. Which is one of the main promises that victims are made. Without this citizenship in the country that have entered they are harder to track therefore even harder to help. But if CEOS were to just look a little deeper into their hiring practices especially at large corporations were it is much harder to put a face to a name then the exploitation could be decreased as soon as the victims are brought over. That along with citizens pushing government officials to create even more laws and organizations to better help the fight against human trafficking would be an enormous help. If the government is for the people and this is a worldwide issue that citizens should be involved with than it should be reflected in governmental regulatio ns. In Thrupakews 2015 Ted Talk she states that of the forced labor of human trafficking. 68% is for the purpose of creating the goods and services that most of us rely on every day in sectors like agricultural work, domestic work and construction. (Thrupakews, 2015) This goes to show that we can single handily prevent specific items made traffickers produced. Some well-known chocolate brands that use children as labors are; Crunch, Aero, Kit-Kat, Hersheys, Snickers, MM and Twix. These children range between the ages of 5-15 and work in cocoa farms in Africa. (Seven famous brands, 2016) The same applies for clothing some well-known clothing brands that also participate in child labor they are; HM, Zara, Forever 21, Gap, Urban Outfitters. (McClysaust, 2011) These clothing lines are found to break labor rights. They often pay little, offer hazardous working conditions and employees are worked longer hours with little to no pay difference. (McClysaust, 2011) So if the everyday indiv idually walking through the grocery or clothing store and just took an extra few minutes to examine where these products were made and or the large corporations that produce them that it could be stopped. Especially in this generation when we have our phones on us all the time which gives us easy access to worldwide information there is no excuse to be uninformed when it comes to purchasing products. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Human Trafficking Is U.S" essay for you Create order

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Organizational Behavior And Relationship Management Essay

INDIVIDUAL ASSIGMENT ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT OBRM 4.712 DR. JOHN TAN TITLE : Organizational Behaviour And Relationship Management BY : Mohit Rattra (20140741) MBA132 mohitratra@gmail.com WORD COUNT: 2196 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This study has demonstrated that there are a few paramount components which straightforwardly impacted a leadership style. A pioneer can t be reliable on one leadership styles to be viable pioneer in the current aggressive nature. I have highlighted how fruitful pioneers who figured out how to turnaround weak organizations with their leadership style were later rejected amid great time because of their failure to adjust their initiative style to suit the current circumstance. Henceforth I presume that there is nobody style of authority fit for all sort of circumstances. In this procedure of this study, I have likewise focused on the significance of workers to any business association regarding learning and innovativeness to use different assets which an organization must be an effective all hands on deck. Consequently it is exceptionally paramount for any pioneers to keep their subordinates blissful, propelled and occupied with their everyday work generally organization will bear a high turnover which will bring about money related misfortune and crumbling in client administrations. In this manner it is extremely vital for the ten supervisorsShow MoreRelatedOrganizational Behavior And Relationship Management Essay2307 Words   |  10 Pages ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT ANALYSIS OF TRANSFORMATIONAL AND RELATIONSHIP CAPITAL THEORIES Name – Jayashree Jayakumar Student Id- Email- jaychu18@gmail.com Word Count EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The research on Leadership is done with the concepts of Transformational Leadership through Relationship Capital to showcase the importance of a healthy relationship between the manager and his employees in an organisation. Every organisation will always set goals and targets, in orderRead MoreThe Chicago School Of Professional Psychology Essay1221 Words   |  5 Pagesspecific research topic of the perceived institutional ethical behavior of US-based multinational corporations and its relationship with organizational longevity. Following the five peer-reviewed qualitative research articles. APA Annotation Aleksic, A. (2013). How Organizations Achieve Longevity: The Role of Change Management in Building Their Sustainability. International journal of the academy of Organizational behavior management. Issue 4 (January-March 2013) (65 - 78). The primary purpose ofRead MoreAn Introduction to Organizational Behavior1638 Words   |  7 PagesAn Introduction to Organizational Behavior 1. Define organizational behavior (OB) and explain its roots - a field of study that seeks to understand, explain, predict and change human behavior, both individual and collective, in the organizational context - includes 3 levels ï  ® individual: employee motivation and perception ï  ® group: teams, communication, job design, and leadership ï  ® organization-wide: change, culture and organizational structure ï  ® interorganizational (network): outsourcingRead MoreStudy of Organizational Behavior and the Effective Management of People948 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿Kseniia Derkach Organizational Behavior I believe that the relationship between the study of Organizational Behavior and the effective management of people in organizations is absolutely direct. It is impossible to manage people in organization effectively without knowledge about OB, organizational structure, communicational skills, empoyees’ satisfaction, motivation, change process, etc. It is impossible to solve any problem or conflict in the organization without understanding of the rulesRead MorePerformance Management At The Retail Store1519 Words   |  7 Pages Performance Management In the retail store that in which I work as an HR manager clothes are sold along with shoes, handbags, linens, etc. Recently my company had its worst quarter and being the HR manager I have asked by the upper management to improve the performances of the retail store employees on an immediate basis so that the sales and merchandise of the store can be improved and good customers can be retained along with attracting new customers. When I got into the process of assessing theRead MorePerceived Institutional Ethical Behavior Of Us Based Multinational Corporations And Its Relationship With Organizational Longevity Essay1209 Words   |  5 Pagesspecific research topic of the perceived institutional ethical behavior of US-based multinational corporations and its relationship with organizational longevity. Following the five peer-reviewed qualitative research articles. APA Annotation Aleksic, A. (2013). How Organizations Achieve Longevity: The Role of Change Management in Building Their Sustainability. International journal of the academy of Organizational behavior management. Issue 4 (January-March 2013) (65 - 78). The primary purpose ofRead MoreOrganizational Culture And Human Behavior1323 Words   |  6 Pagesframeworks in managing projects (Murthy, 2014). A major factor of a project’s success is the behavior of the employees. Employee behavior is influenced by organizational culture and leadership. This paper will briefly explore the influence organizational culture and human behavior have on the success of projects, in particular projects plagued with conflict. First, this paper will discuss the influences organizational culture has on the success of projects. Secondly, the role project leadership plays inRead MoreProcedural Justice And Job Satisfaction Of Nursing Employees1523 Words   |  7 Pages outcome. According to the write-up, â€Å"procedural justice and job satisfaction of nursing employees are positively and significantly related to their innovative behavior† (Xerri, 2014, p.4), and â€Å"interactional justice directly affects job satisfaction and indirectly affects innovative behavior through job satisfaction† (Xerri, 2014, p.4). In other words, an organization that engages in practical apprehensions reaps perfected job satisfaction, which in turn has a bearing on workplace attitudes. ToRead MoreEssay Organizational Behavior1057 Words   |  5 PagesOrganizational Behavior Organizational behavior: Organizational behavior refers to the attitudes and behavior of the individuals in the organization. Organizational behavior is a inter-disciplinary field of study that draws from many of the behavioral sciences. The goal of organizational behavior is to apply the concepts from the other behavioral sciences to pressing problems that management may be facing, as well as applying organizational behavior to the administrative theory and practicesRead MoreMotivation and Conflict Resolution Essay753 Words   |  4 Pagesproviding job satisfaction. Effectively resolving conflict is critical to the success of the organization, but is only one aspect of employee motivation. There are motivational theories that help organizations understand workplace relationships, organizational behavior, and their effects on employee motivation. Improved knowledge of employee motivation and workplace conflict help organizations develop effective strategies for conflict resolution. Motivational

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Most Dangerous Game free essay sample

Suspense: Connel uses dangerous action, pacing, and foreshadowing to create suspense. 4. Foreshadowing: Ship Trap Island and Whitney and Rainsfords conversation at the beginning of the story are two obvious examples of foreshadowing. 5. Hunting: Some students hunt; others oppose it. Sounds like a good time for a debate. 6. The 2nd amendment: Zaroff governs Ship Trap Island, owns several guns, and strips Rainsfords right to possess a gun. Zaroffs advantage is superior. 7. Conflict: The Most Dangerous Game contains a classic man v. man conflict. Character/Conflict Activity: Instruct students to fill out a chart on the two characters: 1. In the far left column, write Rainsford on the top row, Zaroff in the middle row, and Me in the bottom row. 2. In the top row, write Intelligence in the 2nd column, Hunting Ability in the third column, Strengths in the fourth column, Attitude Towards Animals in the fifth column, and Attitude Towards Humans in the last column. We will write a custom essay sample on Most Dangerous Game or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page 3. Instruct students to fill out the chart as they read. 4. Write an essay. The question is Who is the better hunter and why? Â   The initial reaction is that Rainsford is. At the end, he sleeps in a comfortable bed while Zaroff gets eaten by dogs. A closer look at the evidence, however, indicates that Zaroff loses on purposes. Why would he lose on purpose? Hes bored and depressed with the ease of hunting. There is plenty of evidence to support this claim. On the other side, though, is the assertion that Zaroff has a huge home island advantage, superior weapons, a giant assistant, and a pack of dogs and should win easily. Trail of Rainsford 1. )Students will form groups based on their choice of the roles they will research/portray (i. e. Prosecution, Defense, Jury (along with one person who will serve as Judge), Bailiff, Court Reporter, etc. ) 2. Prosecutors These students will write an opening statement, questions for the witnesses, and a closing statement. They will also determine who three of the witnesses will be. Defense same as prosecutors Jury These students, along with the Judge will develop a chart which will include various proofs of guilt and innocence. They will listen throughout the trial to determine whether th e defendant (Mr. Sangor Rainsford) is guilty or innocent. Witnesses These students must have knowledge about the story and be able to make inferences. Court Reporters These students must have good penmanship and listening skills. They will take turns being responsible for writing what is happening in the court room. Bailiffs These students will be responsible for organizing the courtroom. They will swear in the witnesses. 3. )Show Time! (Your School) vs. Sanger Rainsford Students will carry out the court case and a verdict will be determined at the end. 4. )As a follow-up activity, have students critique the other groups in a written analysis paper or in class discussion. If a camcorder is available, it is helpful to have taped the trial so that it can be shown on the VCR. Topics for further study How does the author make the reader sympathize with Rainsford? How could Connell have written the story to have readers identify instead with General Zaroff? After the hunt, do you think Rainsford will become more like General Zaroff? Why or why not? When General Zaroff explains his love of hunting to Rainsford, he makes several racist statements. Do you think he does so because of the era in which he lives? Do you think Zaroffs racism reflects the authors own beliefs? Activity 2: Investigation In Connell’s story, one human being hunts down another just for thrills. This may have left you wondering whether it is ethical to hunt and kill any living creature just for sport.

Friday, April 17, 2020

Smoking Bans should be passed in Ohio Essay Example

Smoking Bans should be passed in Ohio Essay Smoking is one of the main social problems affected all classes and both genders, different age groups and nationalities. Smoking has become increasingly common among the students and adults affected smokers and non-smokers. The main danger of smoking and importance of strict anti-smoking laws is explained by a negative impact of on health and air conditions. Bowser (2006) states that â€Å"Ohio’s stricter ban has qualified, but signatures are still being counted on the second measure† (p. 28). The examples of the states which passed smoking bans prove benefits and advantages of this policy for community. Thesis Smoking bans should be passed in Ohio because of increasing number of smokers per year and increasing number of deaths caused by smoking-related diseases. Smoking bans should be passed in Ohio because smoking represents a real danger for health conditions of the majority of the population. Deaths from lung cancer in Ohio increased from around 10,000 a year in the early 1970s to more than 20,000, since when there has been a slow decline. Given the popularity of smoking- at its peak just after the Second World War, some 65 % of men in Ohio smoked- it is not surprising that the discovery of the link between cigarettes and lung cancer has had a major impact on public life and personal behavior. According to the doctors report smoking increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, lungs cancer and miscarriage.   Studies have revealed that over 400,000 people die each year because of diseases caused by smoking. According to the statistical data, the rate of smoking has increased by 30 % during 1993-1997 amongst the college students. Studies show that the measures which can be taken by the colleges authorities in order to reduce the level of s moking amongst the young students. Hanson and Logue (1998) indicate that: We will write a custom essay sample on Smoking Bans should be passed in Ohio specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Smoking Bans should be passed in Ohio specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Smoking Bans should be passed in Ohio specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer â€Å"According to a recent report from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the sidestream or passive smoke from cigarettesso-called environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)is responsible annually for approximately 3000 lung cancer deaths, between 150,000 and 300,000 lower respiratory ailments in children, and approximately 37,000 heart disease deaths† (p. 1163). Experts believe that taking preventive measures is better than abrupt prohibition from smoking which can cause the opposite effect on the students. The proportion of women smokers remains fairly steady just above 40 per cent as did the tendency of manual workers to smoke more than professionals. Smoking bans should be passed in Ohio because smoking violates rights of those people who do not smoke and involuntary inhale smoke.   The discovery of the dangers of ‘passive smoking’ in the 1980s marked the third phase of the tobacco wars and a decisive shift in the anti- smoking campaign. The first indication of this problem came in a paper from Japan in 1981; by 1986 the US Surgeon-General noted that some thirteen studies from five different countries had confirmed an increased risk. The resulting ban on smoking on US domestic air flights and the attendant controversy put the passive smoking issue decisively on the public agenda. The Froggat Committee, an independent scientific committee on smoking and health, estimated that passive smoking caused an increased risk of lung cancer of between 10 and 30 % and recommended restrictions on smoking in workplaces and in public. The case against passive smoking gathered momentum through the 1990s. In 1992 the US Environment al Protection Agency declared ‘environmental tobacco smoke’ (ETS) a carcinogen, or cancer-causing agent. In 1997 the California Environmental Protection Agency added low birth weight babies, cot death, childhood asthma and nasal sinus cancer to the list of conditions caused by ETS. â€Å"Studies suggest, for example, that prenatal or childhood passive exposure to parents smoking significantly increases the risk of childhood and adult cancers (12-15), and nonsmoking spouses of smokers have an increased risk of lung and nasal sinus cancers compared to spouses of nonsmokers† (Brinkman p. 689). Meta-analyses confirmed increased risks of lung cancer (24 %) and coronary heart disease (23 %). Public policy measures such as restrictions on smoking in various public places and stiff excise tax increases seem to be the favorite methods of a much more vocal antismoking movement. Smoking bans in Ohio will be an important step to protect rights of the nonsmoker. For instance, even though cigarette sales were declining in the early 1980s, this decline was far too little and was taking far too long to satisfy the antismoking forces. In this case, smoking bans is one of the most effective measures because historical examples how that nonsmoker rights can be protected only by strict state policies and relegations. Smoking bans should be passed in Ohio because smoking increases medical costs (smoking –related diseases and medical insurance) and has a negative impact on organizational resources. Researches demonstrate that secondhand tobacco smoke   harms computer hardwarerequiring more frequent cleaning of the machines, a higher repair ratio, and so on. The evidence suggests persons in data processing may wish to ban smoking from computer rooms, as much for the health of the hardware and software as for that of employees: chips run hotter than normal, disc drives crash, machines require more service, and other problems occur. Around the United States are various businesses that have seen costs drop sharply when smoking is totally banned. Some hotels and motels, free standers and chains, are banning smoking entirely, or setting aside a block of nonsmoking rooms. For instance, Lyndon Sanders runs Non-Smokers Inn in Dallas, Texas. For some employers, it costs $2,400 per year to employ a s moker. Medical costs and low productivity level is another problem caused by smoking. Statistical results show that almost one-fifth of all U.S. deaths can be traced to cigarette smoke or 375,000 deaths. â€Å"CDC (2002) estimates that total expenditures of $861.9 million in 2002 were allocated to tobacco control from national and state sources in the United Sates, or $3.16 per capita† (cited Marlow 2006, p. 573) . This figure does not include the approximate $30 billion annual cost of the tobacco itself. Smoking wastes 7 % of a smokers time on the job. Each smoker, therefore, costs an employer $650 extra in insurance and cleanup costs. Whatever the actual figure, these deaths represent an annual loss of life greater than World War I, the Korean conflict, and the Vietnam conflict combined. Researchers estimate that smoking is responsible for fully half of all mortality caused by fire (1,500 lives lost per year, 4,000 injuries), that is, deaths in apartment fires caused by smoking equal 38 %; hotel and motel fire deaths from smoking equal 32 %; mobile homes, 23 %; residential, 21 %; and private dwellings, 17 %. Researchers estimate every nonsmoker pays $100 annually for medical care for smoking -induced illness (paid largely through taxes and health insurance premiums) (Brinkman et al, p. 689). From a typical nonsmokers view the costs of passive smoking are high. To a typical smoker, the costs of heavy-handed regulation are unacceptable. To a majority of U.S. companies (and more than one-third of government agencies), restrictions or bans on smoking are based upon cost-benefit analysis that shows smoking costs the employer money in terms of employee health and productivity. Many other costs of smoking at work can be calculatedcleaning up offices (ash trays, desk burns, soiled drapes, dirty air filters, carpet damage). Down time for smokers (more frequent breaks and longer breaks) is discussed in later chapters. Just the routine of smoking is a time waster (tamping, lighting up, dropping the ashes). Perhaps the highest cost, other than loss of human life and health, of course, is that of confrontational and adversarial relationships that have become characteristic of the smoking /nonsmoking debate in recent years. These facts suggest that smoking bans will benefit both employees and employers, increase productivity and improve health of workers (Smoke-Free Businesses in Ohio 2006). Smoking bans passed in Ohio will have a positive impact on young generations and reduce a negative impact of advertising and promotion campaigns. The high rate of smoking among college students can be explained by aggressive advertising and promotional activities aimed to increase the size of the market. According to Albaum et al (2002)   â€Å"While levels of teenage smoking have recently shown a slight decrease, high-school smoking rates are more than one-fourth higher than in 1991, and the percentage of frequent high-school smokers has risen approximately 32% during the same time period† (p. 50). For many decades tobacco ads have displayed attractive people smoking-obviously to link good looks with smoking or the use of other tobacco products. There was a time when smoking was seen as sexy or glamorous.   The glamorous ads casting handsome and beautiful models, actually tempts the youngsters to smoke. Tobacco industry focuses on sales promotion more than any other indus try in the world. Companies spend a huge amount of investment to reach adolescents. Adolescents, of 18-24 years, become the main target market for the tobacco industry. The companies distribute free cigarettes outside the concerts and college clubs in order to attract more and more people towards their brands. The industry has also involved the youngster in the promotional activities. These kinds of aggressive promotion activities have drawn a huge number of younger lots to smoking. Promotional activities in bars and night clubs were started during 1980s. The level of tobacco consumption among students was indistinct, but the some field researches show that nearly every college student was involved in those promotional activities during 1990s. It has been predicted that the college students will become main consumers of tobacco in the next few years. The tobacco companies launch their promotional campaign mostly in the urban localities, trying to trap the young consumers through various advertising medium and techniques. Following Ohio’s Senator Eric Fingerhut its much easier to get things done on the state level, because there are fewer people and competing interests to navigate on any issue (Kaufman, p. 66). In this case, even the students who don’t have enough exposure to the bars and night clubs can be influenced by the heavy advertising by different brands. A number of significant anti-tobacco laws have been enacted at the state level over the last eight years, which attempt to control teen access to cigarettes and to place restrictions on smoking in public places. Smoking is still perceived by many youth as adult behavior and a rite of passage into manhood. Long years of smoking mean the addiction is more severe and the habit more ingrainedthus more difficult to break. At the local level, a number of barriers to more effective implementation and enforcement of tobacco control laws were identified by the respondents. In contrast, a number of nonsmokers added strong commentary about banning or restricting smoking in the workplace and passive, secondhand smoke (Houses Own Smoke-Filled Room p. A01). Smoking bans should be passed in Ohio because smoking has a negative impact on air quality and pollution. According to statistical results, the rural benzene concentration is around 0.5 ppb, while the normal range of urban concentrations is 2-10 ppb. This means that the range of daily benzene intake varies by at least a factor of ten, from a few tens to a few hundreds of ÃŽ ¼g. At the low end of this range the atmospheric intake would be dominated by that from food, while at the high end it would exceed that due to food, and be similar to that due to smoking 20 cigarettes per day. A large number of gaseous and particulate air pollutants are produced by tobacco combustion. Of course, the exposure of a smoker is very high compared to a non-smoker, but a smokers exposure is voluntary, whereas a non-smokers is not. Of the more than 4500 compounds found in tobacco smoke, 50 are known or suspected to be carcinogenic. Conventionally, the emissions are classified into mainstream (MTS), sides tream (STS) and environmental (ETS) tobacco smoke (Brinkman et al, p. 689). Mainstream emissions, formed during active puffing, are sucked directly from the end of the cigarette into the mouth; burn temperatures are up to 1000  °C, so thermal NOx is formed, as well as HCN (hydrogen cyanide) and N-nitrosamines (carcinogenic). Most of the components are generated by a combination of pyrolysis and distillation in an oxygen-deficient atmosphere. Brinkman et al (2002) indicate that â€Å"Indoor benzene concentrations are, respectively, about 50% and 69% higher in smokers homes than in the homes of nonsmokers† (p. 689). Very high concentrations (around 1010 per cm3 of evolved gas) of particles (mode diameter around 0.5 ÃŽ ¼m) are produced. Although these are serious pollutants, they are only inhaled by the smoker. Inhalation of ETS is colloquially known as passive smoking induce effects ranging from eye watering (tearing), increased coughing and phlegm production, allergic reactions through lung cancer to death. There is also evidence for reduced lung function development in children, increased asthma incidence, increased rates of hospitalisation from bronchitis and pneumonia. One study showed that around 17% of lung cancers among non-smokers may be attributed to ETS exposure during childhood. Smoking naturally raises the exhaled concentrations of many substances. Smoking bans will reduce air pollution and improve quali ty of indoor and outdoor air. The facts mentions above prove that smoking bans should be passed in Ohio in order to promote healthy working environment and reduce pollution. Smoking bans will reduce a threat of cancer and diseases caused by smoking. They will protect those people who do not smoke and try to avoid negative impact of smoking on their health. Smoking bans will have a positive impact on economic recourses reducing costs spent on medical insurance and improve productivity. As the most important, they will protect young citizens from negative impact of cigarettes advertising campaigns. Smoking bans will be a part of general policy against pollution and environmental degradation and will help to protect air from contamination.

Saturday, March 14, 2020

buy custom The Juvenile Research Diabetes Foundation International essay

buy custom The Juvenile Research Diabetes Foundation International essay SWOT analysis, is a tool defining Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunity and Threats of an organization. It is a model which assesses an organization in accordance to what it can do, and what it cannot do, including its potential threats and opportunities. This is done by taking information from an environmental analysis and separating it into strengths are weaknesses which are internal, and external issues which incorporate opportunities and threats. Internal strengths and weaknesses Leading The current President and CEO of the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) is Jeffrey Brewer who took over this year. He is a founder of two online businesses namely, Overture Services and CitySearch. He served as a CEO in Overture Services, and as a Chief Technological officer in CitySearch which is now a division of USA Interactive. Mr. Brewer served as an executive chairman of KickStart International from 2003-2011. KickStart International is a non profit organization, which helps poverty stricken people in East Africa. In his first annual conference in May 2011, Mr. Brewer spoke of his plans and his passion for the organization and how his unique background will equip him well for the post. Mr. Brewer was a successful business owner prior to his transition to CEO of JDRF in June of 2010. Mr. Brewer has proven his effectiveness in running businesses and is sure to make a difference with an organization that he is very passionate about. Mr. Brewer became involved with the or ganization when his son was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. For eight years, Mr. Brewer volunteered and was an active member of new researches for the foundation. Mr. Brewer effectively aided in the success of the implementation of artificial pancreas research. He greatly focuses on treatment of type 1 diabetes and he has a patient-focus outlook, being a father to a son with type1 diabetes. The communication that occurs within the organization is very open. The organization communicates largely via the internet and all updates are shared in this manner. Being an international organization, JDRFs communication internally and externally is open to everyone. The organization has continual volunteers, donors, and employees. The turnaround is low. Mr. Brewer is a great motivational speaker and is able to motivate employees into working proudly. He empowers both employees and volunteers and has a great vision for the organization that people agree with. Leadership at JDRF is not only based on the CEO but also the board where the widely known Actress Mary Tyler Moore is the international Chairman. This organization is global which entails having a key person as international chairman. Levels of accountability and performance are very high; several measures are put in place to check on this aspect. They include; independent voting of board member, preparation of financial repor ts by independent accountants, minutes of board meetings documentation, implementation of a conflict of interest policy, record retention and destruction policy implementation, no compensation of any board members, and no loans are received from or provided to related parties. Volunteer complaint and employee procedures are well handled. Complaints regarding to internal controls, accounting, and auditing matters are well taken care of. Controlling The control of the organization is not only on its CEO and board. There are the donors that hold great interest in the organization. This organization offers its financials to the public and below the two previous years from the financial statement of the audit report (2010). Although the assets decreased from 2009 to 2010, the net assets still remained large. There was an increase in the amount of unrestricted assets. The decrease could be accounted for by the economy and the decrease in donations from large donors. Donors help in progress of the research on the continuous glucose monitor. Donors are very important since JDRF is a non-profit organization. These financial reports are prepared by independent individuals. The charitys website has readily accessible information regarding the following; donor privacy policy, a list of board members, audited financial reports, and a list of key staff. Planning The competitive environment for this foundation would be the fight for donors. This organization has faithful donors, but as the economy recedes, the donations do as well. An organization that relies largely on donations will suffer in a down economy. Mr. Brewers vision for the organization is as follows as stated in the May 2011 annual conference: We will remain an organization that is dedicated to curing type 1diabetes as our ultimate goal. But along the way, we will develop transformative treatments that enable people to live healthier, safer lives until we find that cure. We will also focus our efforts on ways to prevent type 1diabetes from happening in the first place. We will be an organization that reaches individuals of all ages who are living with the burden of type 1. We will be an organization that defines success as the point at which advances reach patients. Mr. Brewer mentions in his state of the foundation speech that the organization will not only focus on research and technologies that have already transformed lives but also on those that will in the future (2011). Other goals for JDRF are highlighted below. Expanding and improving surveillance together with evaluatingactivities in order to maximize information related to diabetes. This will be implemented via; partnering with other programs supporting diabetes research, conducting an inventory in regard to diabetes related data, reaching a consensus on a profile regarding critical diabetes indicators, ensuring that a feedback is provided to patients/customers, support electronic health records, and finally exploring best practices. Another goal is to improve coordination and collaboration between the research foundation and its patients. This can be done by: identifying potential disease stakeholders, rekindling any disenfranchised stakeholder relationship, determining optimal methods to communicate with stakeholders, and lastly developing a plan to determine effective communication. Reducing diabetes related health disparities among the minorities, who are young ones is another goal for the J uvenile Diabetes Research Foundation. This will be implanted through the following; making sure that reliable data is available for analysis by determining appropriate sampling strategies across data systems, and building capacity for evaluable projects in order to address diabetes. An additional goal is, to increase linkages with healthy eating and physical activities initiatives in addressing health promotion. This is done to those with diabetes, those with the risk of getting diabetes, and to the general population at large. Various things can be done to implement this: supporting programs that encourage eating habits, which are healthy in schools, encouraging daily physical education in schools for all levels, supporting systematic youth risk surveillance, and exploring alternative sources of funds for evaluating community health. Ensuring that consumers access self management trainings, quality health care and supplies is another goal. This can be achieved through the following : considering proper standards to ensure quality services provision, ensuring patient /consumer centered assessment component, identifying evidence based best practice models in addressing quality of care issues, identifying barriers that hinder access to quality diabetes management by attending transport issues, reimbursement issues and referral process. Increasing awareness of diabetes resources is also a JDRF goal, this will be implemented by: developing a marketing plan, and developing an electronic diabetes resource directory. Another goal is to increasing evidence-based care knowledge to people providing diabetes services through: availability of a range of diabetes education opportunities which could be web-based training and telemedicine in addition to conferences, traditional education offerings etc, researching in best models for utilizing diabetes health educators as well as training them, implementing decision support tools, encouraging certification of diabetes educator s, providing technical assistance in maximizing delivery of education to patients, and making sure that community programs are evaluated appropriately by providing technical assistance. The ultimate long term goal of Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation is to get a cure for diabetes through supporting researches on diabetes. They also want to cure complications brought about by diabetes. Organizing This organizations organizing is not considered to be a weakness although not much research was available in this section. This organization does however, have various committees for the various researches that the organization runs. They all ultimately answer to the CEO and Board of directors. The overall organizational design is very functional with the help of various policies that are put down. There are other strengths and weakness of JDRF as highlighted below: presence of strong and dedicated stakeholders, favorable political climate that is stable, well trained healthcare professionals, abundance of enthusiasm and energy by the workers, a lot of health information technology initiatives for electronic health records and exchange of information, availability of national practice standards, numerous care management resources and diabetes related health education to consumers and providers which includes web-based resources, initiatives for workforce training involving diabetes care, health communication initiatives that increase importance and awareness of diabetes care/control, numerous healthcare entities that focus on caring for people who are uninsured, and resource availability for assisting with medications on diabetes and durable medical equipment are additional strengths in juvenile diabetes research foundation. JDRF has clinical trial connections for type 1 diabet es which offers online clinical trial which are customized. It has an opt in portal that helps people in finding information and registering about type 1 diabetes. These services offer monthly emails that provide up to date information new launched trials, and information on how to contact researchers who are conducting the trials. This can be considered as strength. An additional strength is, the IDDP (industry discovery development partnership) program launched by JDRF establishes partnership and provides funding to pharmaceutical biotechnology companies in accelerating the development, discovery, commercializing therapeutics and devices for cure and treatment of type 1diabetes. A new social network called Juvenation for people with type 1 diabetes was launched. It has features like, blogs, message boards, educational resources on how to live with type 1diabetes, and a video library. This can also be categorized as one of strength to JDRF. Presence of an online diabetes support te am that answers questions one on one. The support team is contacted by online questionnaires on JDRF website where it takes a maximum of 48 hour for a user to be contacted. Through this support team volunteers mayy answer inquiries on type 1 diabetes but medical advice cannot be dispensed by them, provision of outreach resources to patients in form of a mail order information kits, and interactive online toolkits is are additional strengths. By organizing two main fundraising events (The Ride to Cure Diabetes and The Walk to Cure Diabetes) which are open to the public, helps in raising money aside from the donors contribution and organization of campaigns to increase federal funding for diabetes research is are additional strengths portrayed by JDRF. One such campaign is the children congress where the Mary Tyler the international Chairman and children with type 1 diabetes over a hundred of them, gather at Washington D.C in order to meet with the congress members Various weaknesses are highlighted below: competition for limited funds among stakeholders, lack of timely data collection, reporting, analysis and dissemination of data, lack of systematic quality care programs which varies across providers, underutilization of existing technological resources and diabetes data resources, few certified diabetes educators, few diabetes care providers who are specialized, duplication of services, transport barriers/problems in accessing diabetes care, insufficient referral process which limit access to special diabetes care, lack of awareness of resources in assisting diabetes pharmaceuticals and supplies, and need for increase in capacity for cultural competence in diabetes healthcare. External Opportunities and Threats This provides an opportunity to co-ordinate resources and addressing gaps in services. Bargaining power of suppliers: This organizations primary product is research for the ultimate goal of curing type 1 diabetes. There have been some technologies that the organizations research has led to but the organization does profit off of the sales of these technologies. Risk of entry by potential competitors: JDRF is the largest diabetes research organization and has little competition. Even though the name of the organization indicates it is for juveniles benefits, all people with the disease benefit from the findings. Bargaining power of buyers: Buyers are willing to pay whatever the organization asks for these new technologies. There arent many things out to aid in the cure or to better the lives of people with this disease. At this moment, there buyers will pay what is needed for relief of the terrible disease. Threat of substitutes: At this moment there arent any threats of substitutes as the technologies are fairly new. However, the new technologies are purchased to sell to patients, hospitals, etc. There may be threat in the future, but all technologies are patented. Global forces: This organization is all over the world and has raised awareness, money, and research findings. This organization will do well as until the day the cure for type 1diabetes is found. Cultural burrier in terms of health promotions is a threat due the attitude focused on food and drinks by different cultures. Another threat is stakeholder who are fractured and funding which could be focused on other issues, which are competitive. On opportunities, JDRF can explore on alternative funding sources other than from the donors. They can also link with prevention programs, which support policy, system change, and environmental change for physical activity and healthy eating. The number of certified diabetes educators could be increased. Seeking technical assistance on retention and recruitment in addressing diabetes workforce is also another opportunity. Identifying and disseminating resources for linguistic competence and cultural in diabetes control and prevention can be considered as an opportunity. Development of an electronic database where all health professionals and consumers can update themselves on diabetes resources is a good opportunity. Evaluating the SWOT Analysis All together this organization is a very organized foundation that has been able to be a part of astounding research. This foundation not only receives donation but also contributes through donations to new research and technologies that will aid in the race for the cure of Type 1 diabetes. This foundation has much strength and few weaknesses. The future of the organization relies on there not being a cure for this disease although the goal of the organization is to find a cure. There isnt much said as to what the foundation will do when a cure is found. Further analyzing is required for this. The foundation relies largely on donors which decline with the economy. The foundation sells products advertising awareness and receives revenues through that as well. We find that this is a big organization but its net assets arent large. The foundation is global as the disease is a global epidemic. There are regional chapters of the foundation which raise funds by organizing big fundraisers. This foundation was founded for the children that suffered from the disease but all who have the disease benefit from all the research and technology that has come out of this foundations goals. In an interview by DiaTribe (2011) Mr. Brewer said, The second big change at JDRF is moving away from an exclusive focus on children and also embracing the adult type 1 diabetes audience. At the end of the day, at least 85% of the people living with diabetes are adults, not children... By focusing on children as well as adults the foundation will have a greater population of donors and volunteers. This is looking into the future of the foundation. Any increase for the foundation is a change that is acceptable. Buy custom The Juvenile Research Diabetes Foundation International essay

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Knowledge Management at Tata Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Knowledge Management at Tata - Essay Example This paper highlights that KM is a vital aspect of organisational development, especially because of the large quantities of information generated in the modern organisational environment and the growing importance of information. Information is currently the most powerful asset in contemporary management. It must be managed and developed well for maximum benefits to be derived from it. Tata followed three recommended steps in any pioneering any knowledge management program. First, it sought out and brought together employees with specialisations in different practices but who had no experience in implementing knowledge management. This was the most important step in the process because the company had no KM history. It had never had a KM culture before, and a major shift was required to make the initiative a success. Consequently, it would have been pointless for the company to go attempt to implement KM processes (collection, organisation, development, sharing, and usage) without a solid foundation on which to base those activities. By adopting a bottom-up strategy to KM, Tata ensured that both effectiveness and sustainability were built into the blueprint. In the case study, it is stated that the company felt that its initiatives gravitated towards a cultural transformation instead of a project.

Monday, February 10, 2020

Rural Tourism in UK Dissertation Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 10000 words

Rural Tourism in UK - Dissertation Example 1 Introduction 1.1 Background study Large-scale globalisation has led to widespread economic reframing, which has created an environment where local economies must necessarily adjust, for augmenting or maintaining the viability of their socio-economic conditions under the altered climate. Social and economic forces that are functioning at global levels ascertain both the type and and nature of rural regions and how they are used and valued (Butler, Hall, and Jenkins, 1998). These socioeconomic modifications along with new approaches and thoughts on recreation and leisure time activities are increasingly promoting rural tourism worldwide (Williams 1995). Developing areas not perceived favourably as tourist destinations, for rural tourism depends on two main factors. First, in some cases, tourist attraction may be slowly built-up by entrepreneurs through innovative businesses, like entertainment parks. Secondly, on some cases visitors may suddenly discover an area, generating a sudden increase in demand for recreation and leisure time activities, which gives the local entrepreneurs an opportunity to respond and develop their local area. However, development of rural tourism is not merely based on the concept of balancing local supply with tourist demand, but includes issues of sustainability, and evaluating the suitability and acceptability, as regards the local community, in view of developing the area as a tourist spot. There are various debates over defining the term rural tourism, and a review of the literature reveals that no consensus over the issue has been arrived yet (Pearce and Moscardo, 1985; Bramwell 1994). As Oppermann claimed, â€Å"there is not even a commonly accepted definition of what rural tourism is† (1996, pp. 86-87). This lack of consensus, as regards defining rural tourism, arises from the absence of a common standard used for measuring nature and type of rural tourism by different countries, worldwide. Therefore, rural tourism seen in various countries of the world, do not share any common characteristics. Observations also reveal that rural tourism does not necessarily pertain to only the typical rural form of activities, it can also be urban type situated in a rural area. Rural areas all over the world are experiencing intricate socioeconomic changes due to effect of globalisation, technology and communications that have altered the conditions for market operations and distributions for local and traditional items (Frochot, 2005). Besides this, owing to globalisation many of the rural areas have witnessed large-scale depopulation while others have experienced large-scale influx of immigrants or inflow of elderly people looking for retirement, or others looking for establishing innovative business types that may not be local or traditional in nature. Generally, rural tourism is associated with the form of tourism where rural culture is the chief element or the main component of